Ethnography of Iraq and American War


This study shows the ethnography of the American-Iraqi conflict, and  the tragedy events  Iraq witnessed at that time. The study also explains the increasing interest of the United States in Iraq that has started for many years , extended ,and never seems to end. The political, economic ,and geographical reasons proved to be the major factors behind that hostility . The crises between US and Iraq escalated, especially after –9/11, when the American hostility has increased towards Arab in general, and Iraq in particular. The study is a qualitative review depending on American  president s' observations  authentic news ,media, books, and different articles to provide facts, definitions, basic concepts, terminology, and facts to the reader.


“This Day in Presidential History,” by Paul Brandus (2018)

Alex C., "Anti-war protests do make a difference". (19 March 2005). Socialist Worker.

Cartalucci T., ISIS “Made in USA”. Iraq “Geopolitical Arsonists” Seek to Burn Region. Global Research, June 18, 2014. New Eastern Outlook

Global Research, June 18, 2014. New Eastern Outlook


Gulf. G., 2001, 239 op. cit, Maisonneuve Press, 2004, 250 op. cit

Hedge Z., "Battling tyranny worldwide". Sunday, January 24, .

Jeff F, The new geopolitics of the middle east: America’s role in a changing region. ed. INTERVIEW AND EDITING BY BRUCE J.2003

Klare T., ‘Washington’s oil politik,’, 18 July 2002; and idem, ‘Oil and empire? Rethinking the war with Iraq,’ Current History, 102(662) (March, 2003)

Leach E, (1987) 1989. ―Tribal ethnography: past, present, future. Cambridge Anthropology 1(2):1-14.

Leach E, Political systems of Highland Burma: A study of Kachin social structure. Boston: Beacon Press. 1965

Lutz C ., Homefront : A Military City and the American Twentieth Century. Boston: Beacon Press. . 2001

MacLeish K., Armor and Anesthesia: Exposure, Feeling, and the Soldier’s Body.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly 26, no. 1: 49–68. 2012 1387.2011.01196.x.

MacLeish K.,2015. Making War at Fort Hood: Life and uncertainty in a Military Community. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Originally published in 2013.

https: //

Nader L., Ethnography as theory. HAU: 2011 .Journal of Ethnographic Theory 1 (1): 211–219

Palys T., Lowman, John .“Defending Research Confidentiality “To the Extent the Law Allows:” Lessons From the Boston College Subpoenas.” 2012. Journal of Academic Ethics 10(4): 271-297


Robert K. , (2007 ) .In the defense of the Bush Doctrine. University Oress Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2434-6 OCLC 224925740

Roberts P., ."Bush Has Destroyed Iraq and America" . April 30, 2007

Roberts P., .Bush Has Destroyed Iraq and America .retrieves from April 30, 2007

SamueL. S,. March. 19, 2018 .Article Title,. .

SamueL. S,. " It’s Disturbingly Easy to Buy Iraq’s Archeological Treasures U.S. forces invaded the country 15 years ago this week—and left behind a booming trade in looted artifacts" .March. 19, 2018.

Soros G., (2003) The bubble of American supremacy, The Atlantic Monthly, Decem

Spooner B., (1998). Ethnography. Encyclopædia Iranica,9(1), 9-28. Retrieved from

Spooner B.,, Ethnography as theory. University of Pennsylvania, Scholarly Commons-(7) 1998. 10) PDF) Ethnographic methods. Available from: [accessed Jan 02 2021.

Tony address retrieved from BBC news 12-12-2020

Vartan H., " ISIS Destroys Historic Sites in Iraq and Syria". July 9, 2014

Vartan H. " ISIS Destroys Historic Sites in Iraq and Syria". July 9, 2014

War in Iraq: Why are anthropologists so silent?

Weinstein J. (2007). Inside rebellion: the politics of insurgent violence. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Wood, E. (2000). Forging democracy from below: insurgent transitions in South Africa

Artykuły recenzowane